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Title: Implementations of fault-tolerant quantum devices
Author: Herrera-Marti, David A.
ISNI:       0000 0004 2728 4488
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2012
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Accurate control and addressability of quantum devices will come with the promise of improvement in a wide variety of theoretical and applied fields, such as chemistry, condensed matter physics, theoretical computer science, foundational physics, communications, metrology and others. Decoherence of quantum states and the loss of quantum systems have adverse effects and deter a satisfactory usage of quantum devices. This is the main problem to be overcome, which is the goal of quantum fault tolerance. In this thesis we present a series of works that contribute to some of the fields mentioned above, in the direction of fighting decoherence and loss. These works fall in two categories: on one hand, we looked at computer architectures which can be used to combat errors, using techniques of quantum error correcting codes. In a first project we found decoherence and loss probability thresholds below which quantum computing is provably possible. We assumed a very particular error model tailored specially to quantum dots as single photon sources and linear optics. Subsequently we looked at the problem of loss, both of heralded and unheralded, and devised some ways to fight it. The framework under which this work was done was used to develop theory which is currently being tested in a quantum optics experimental group and will be reported in an article later this year. On the other hand, we studied how the error probability can be reduced at the physical level, thanks exclusively to the properties of the system in which information is stored, as opposed to making use of quantum codes. We looked at a particular superconducting circuit, which is potentially very well protected against some types of decoherence. In particular, we observed that the interaction with the environment become weaker for certain values of the circuit external parameters.
Supervisor: Rudolph, Terry ; Barrett, Sean Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral