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Title: Distance bounding and Heegaard Floer homology methods in reducible Dehn surgery
Author: Mauricio, Mauro
ISNI:       0000 0004 2728 2095
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2012
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Motivated by the formation of certain link types during Hin-mediated DNA recombination experiments, we consider tangle equations where one of the products is a connect-sum of 2-bridge links. We are thus led to study Dehn surgeries on knots in lens spaces that yield connect-sums of lens spaces. Using 3-manifold methods, we prove, for certain classes of knot exteriors, a distance bound on Dehn surgery slopes. (This proof complements an algebraic-geometric proof of a more general statement due to Boyer and Zhang [6]). Analysing the known examples of connect-sums of lens spaces surgeries, together with some sample calculations, we conjecture that if surgery on a knot K [Symbol appears here. To view, please open pdf attachment] L(p, q), with p, q [Symbol appears here. To view, please open pdf attachment]1, 2, yields L(p, q)#L(t, 1), then the knot has reducible exterior. Using Heegaard Floer homology, we prove a special case of the conjecture, as well as some surgery obstructions. We then apply our results, in the spirit of the tangle model of Ernst and Sumners [67], to the problem of Hin-mediated DNA recombination, where we characterise its distributive recombination step.
Supervisor: Buck, Dorothy ; Corti, Alessio Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral