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Title: Vegetation and discharge effects on the hydraulic residence time distribution within a natural pond
Author: Tiev, Visoth
ISNI:       0000 0004 2724 4953
Awarding Body: University of Warwick
Current Institution: University of Warwick
Date of Award: 2011
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Results are presented from sets of field and laboratory experiments conducted to measure and quantify the Hydraulic Residence Time Distribution in treatment ponds containing vegetation. The field measurements were taken in the Lyby field pond (Sweden) with complementary experiments on a distorted, laboratory scale model pond designed and built in the University of Warwick’s engineering laboratory. Rhodamine WT Dye tracer experiments were used in both the Lyby field pond and the distorted physical scale model to investigate vegetation and discharge affects on HRTD characteristics and the technique of PIV (Particle Image Velocimetry) was used in the distorted physical scale model to investigate how surface flow profiles were affected by different vegetation and discharge configurations. The results show that the distorted physical scale pond did not reflect the HRTD characteristics of the field site, with the actual residence time, (tm), for the distorted physical scale pond ranging from 85 % to 125% of its nominal residence time. For the distorted scale model, pond vegetation and discharge did not affect the relative HRTD centroid, em, or the actual residence time, tm. This finding is attributed to the unique pond geography and associated aspect ratios However, flow rates did have a significant effect on the HRTD e0 (time of first dye arrival at the outlet) and ep (time of peak dye concentration). Changes in vegetation were found to have little effect on e0 and ep. For the laboratory pond, vegetation had a significant control on the surface flow field whereas, flow rates did not – the latter suggests that surface flow fields are not representative of the internal flow field in different layers of the pond. The experiments demonstrate that the specific shape of the distorted physical scale pond in this study enables optimal actual resident times to be achieved over a wide range of vegetation and flow rate configurations. If full scale field ponds based upon this design give the same stable centroid results, then this would be a substantial breakthrough in pond design, which would aid the design and management of pond treatment and allow more robust optimisation of treatment efficiency.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: University of Warwick. School of Engineering ; European Commission (EC) (KH/Asia-Link/04 142966)
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering