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Title: Cumberland through the survey of 1212
Author: Doherty, Hugh
ISNI:       0000 0003 8079 2476
Awarding Body: Oxford University
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2008
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My thesis is a study of the secular landholders of Cumberland from the shiring of the district in the last years of Henry I's reign to the survey of 1212. The principal framework for the thesis is the actual return to the survey of 1212, which, like so many other returns to that survey and unlike returns to earlier surveys, survives as an original. The return answers official questions about who had held what estates by military service, serjeanty or (in Cumberland) cornage since 1135 and thereby offers a vivid and detailed record of the feudal past of Cumberland, as viewed in the early thirteenth century by the county jurors, all men with a vested interest in its information. The returns to the survey of 1212 have long been plundered by historians searching for 'facts'-who succeeded whom or who held what of whom-but the survey itself and its many original returns remain a neglected subject. The thesis presents: (a) a close study of the Cumberland return within the context of the 1212 survey as a whole and within the context of earlier national and local surveys; (b) a detailed commentary on selected clauses, assessing the accuracy and selection of information judged against other available evidence, principally a rich corpus of printed and unprinted deeds, but with extensive use also of pipe rolls, lawsuits, and miracle collections, to present a history of estates ('fees') held of the king in Cumberland from 1135 to 1212; (c) and a detailed discussion of the formation, fortunes, and development of the county between its creation in the early twelfth century to its self-assessment in the survey of 1212. The thesis therefore offers an innovative approach to the shire communities of England under the Anglo-Norman and Angevin kings, based on a systematic and rigorous method, applicable to equivalent evidence from other counties, to form a national picture of an integrated, feudal England.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available