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Title: Organic semiconductors for self-assembled monolayer field effect transistors
Author: Lu, Kexin
ISNI:       0000 0004 2724 1744
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2012
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Molecular self-assembly has recently attracted significant attention for possible application in organic electronic and optoelectronic devices, such as self-assembled monolayer field-effect transistors (SAMFETs) and functional self-assembled integrated circuits. Self-assembly combines the advantages of low temperature solution processability, regio-selective monolayer adsorption and nano-scale control of film thickness. Much progress has been made in improving device performance using self-assembled monolayers (SAMs). However, most SAMFET devices reported to date showed current modulation only with submicrometre channels, with low device yields and poor reproducibility as a result of limited lateral interconnection of the semiconducting layer.In an attempt to address these issues, this thesis presents an investigation of the synthesis and properties of conjugated SAM molecules for use as the charge transporting layer in SAMFETs. Chapter 1 gives a comprehensive introduction to SAM-based surface systems, organic semiconductors and their use in OFETs and SAMFETs. Chapter 2 discusses attempts to design and synthesise p-type conjugated molecules capable of self-assembly on oxide surfaces based on a phenylene-bithiophene semiconducting core. The optical and electrochemical properties, as well as the thermal behaviour of these molecules are studied in detail. This theme is carried over to Chapter 3, which describes the synthesis, chemical and physical characterisation of two families of n-type SAM molecules. These molecules consist of NTCDI cores with hexyl or cyclohexyl chains as end-capping groups. Incorporation of a selection of materials as the active layer in OFETs or SAMFETs to evaluate the charge transport is demonstrated in Chapter 4. Monolayer films based on p-type monochlorosilane-terminated SAM molecules are made using the solution assembly technique and characterised by contact angle and AFM. OFETs made from DH-PTTP by both thermal evaporation and spin coating show high mobilities comparable to the best values reported in the literature. Top-contact SAMFETs show a hole mobility of 1.1 × 10-3 cm2V-1s-1 in air, consistent with those of solution processed DH-PTTP based OFETs. Finally, an overview of the project and some suggestions for future work are presented in Chapter 5.
Supervisor: Turner, Michael Sponsor: Overseas Research Scholarship (ORS) ; School of Chemistry ; University of Manchester ; EPSRC
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) ; self-assembled monolayer field-effect transistors (SAMFETs). ; organic semiconductors ; organic electronics.