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Title: Microarrays on gold : new applications for biocatalysis and proteomics
Author: Castangia, Roberto
ISNI:       0000 0004 2724 1680
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2012
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Microarrays on gold have been used to develop new methodologies for biocatalysis and proteomic applications. The technology applies the logic of solid phase supported chemistry using self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on a gold chip. The advantages of this technology are: i) an easy to handle platform, ii) parallel screening (64 reactions at once), iii) microliter scale reactions (1µL per sample), iv the use of mild conditions (buffers and t=37 °C), v) the absence of purification steps (only chip washing is required), vi) quick and accurate analysis by MALDI ToF MS.The metallopeptidase thermolysin was studied in peptide-coupling reactions to profile reactivity and specificity (Chapter 2). Reactivity was further investigated in transpeptidation reactions. Comparing the serine peptidase chymotrypsin with the zinc dependent thermolysin, it was found that transpeptidations proceed via N-transacylation reactions independent of a specific enzymatic catalytic mechanism (Chapter 3). These transacylations may be exploited for modifications of biocompatible and selective surfaces in ‘bottom-up’ bionanofabrication technologies. Selected peptidases with different catalytic mechanism were also arrayed to investigate polymerisation ability of dipeptides (Chapter 4). It was shown that oligomerisation can be obtained under mild conditions and a set of peptides was synthesised. Chapter 5 describes a new chemical methodology by which crude tryptic peptide digests can be trapped on chip and analysed by MALDI ToF MS without further purification steps. This dramatically improves time and cost efficiency.Finally, a new stepwise native chemical ligation methodology is proposed for amino acids, and peptides containing N-terminal cysteine residues (Chapter 6).
Supervisor: Flitsch, Sabine Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Biocatalysis ; Microarrays ; Self-Assembled Monolayers ; Peptide Synthesis ; MALDI-ToF MS