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Title: Enhancing the synthetic utility of silicon : an investigation into organosilicon chemistry
Author: Bracegirdle, Sonia
ISNI:       0000 0004 2726 4444
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2011
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The aims of this work were two-fold - to enhance the 'latent functionality' of a silicon centre by expanding the range of functionalisation reactions available to such compounds, and to develop novel silicon-tethered transformations in order to increase the utility of this attractive synthetic strategy. 1. Aryle Silane Oxidation. Building upon the earlier work of Tamao and co-workers, we have developed a mild, functional group-tolerant oxidation of arylsilanes, allowing a wide range of phenols to be readily accessed. One key insight uncovered during this work was the observation that this oxidation could be acheived with sub-stoichiometric quantities of a fluoride promoter, thus allowing several TBS-protected substrates to be oxidised without any concomitant loss of the protecting group. 2. Silicon-Tethering Methodology. In order to utilise our recently acquired expertise in the field of alkoxy arylsilane synthesis, we sought to develop a novel silicon-tethered iron-catalysed biaryl coupling. Unfortunately, despite our considerable efforts, this methodology was found to suffer from reproducibility issues, and thus our attentions subsequently turned to silicon-tethered palladium- and platinum-catalysed processes. These investigations proved to be more fruitful, with the palladium-catalysed methodology affording a small range of silicon-tethered products. Finally, a novel platinum-catalysed hydro-silylation/electrocyclisation cascade was also developed, allowing a substituted arene to be accessed from a dienyne precursor.
Supervisor: Anderson, Edward A. Sponsor: Clarendon Fund
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Organic chemistry ; Organosilicon ; oxidation ; silicon tethering