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Title: Is the precautionary principle brought home in the Nigerian petroleum industry? : comparative perspectives between Nigeria and the U.K.
Author: Nliam, Sylvester Oscar
ISNI:       0000 0004 2725 991X
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2011
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This thesis is concerned with promoting better environmental protection through the application of the precautionary principle in the Nigerian oil and gas industry. The last four decades have brought a new awareness of the environmental risks of upstream oil and gas exploration and production in the Nigerian Niger Delta region. The enviro'nmental risks can be classified into certain (identified) and uncertain environmentaI risks. Uncertainties "associated with oil and gas pollution are manifested "in uncertainty as to probability of occurrence and uncertainty as to the magnitude of the environmental risk. For instance, there exist uncertainties as to impact of atmospheric emissions, uncertainty as to the full impact on biodiversity, uncertainty as to the impact on marine environment. The realisation that there are uncertain environmental risks in the oil and gas industry which cannot be completely ignored without consequence ne~essitated this research. In view of the uncertainties surrounding oil and gas environmental risks, this thesis argues that the best approach to deal with these uncertainties is through the adoption and application of the precautionary principle in the Nigerian oil and gas environmental regulatory framework. Through a comparative analysis of the UK and the Nigerian upstream oil and gas environmental laws the thesis shows that the precautionary principle has not been incorporated into the Nigerian laws. The research shows that the UK's upstream oil and gas environmental laws are more disposed to the application of the precautionary principle in the face of uncertainties than the Nigeria laws. The research recommends different ways through which the precautionary principle can be integrated into the Nigerian upstream oil and gas environmental legal framework. The recommendations made in this research do not arise solely from the positive sides of the UK experience. Measures that will promote the application of the precautionary principle which have not been implemented in the UK but are deemed to be beneficial to Nigeria are also recommended.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Precautionary principle ; Environmental protection ; Petroleum industry and trade