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Title: An experimental investigation into the correlation between Acoustic Emission (AE) and bubble dynamics
Author: Husin, Shuib
ISNI:       0000 0004 2725 9063
Awarding Body: Cranfield University
Current Institution: Cranfield University
Date of Award: 2011
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Bubble and cavitation effects phenomena can be encountered in two-phase gas-liquid systems in industry. In certain industries, particularly high-risk systems such as a nuclear reactor/plant, the detection of bubble dynamics, and the monitoring and measurement of their characteristics are necessary in controlling temperature. While in the petro-chemical engineering industry, such as oil transportation pipelines, the detection and monitoring of bubbles/cavitation phenomena are necessary to minimise surface erosion in fluid carrying components or downstream facilities. The high sensitivity of Acoustic Emission (AE) technology is feasible for the detection and monitoring of bubble phenomena in a two phase gas-liquid system and is practical for application within the industry. Underwater measurement of bubble oscillations has been widely studied using hydrophones and employing acoustic techniques in the audible range. However, the application of Acoustic Emission (AE) technology to monitor bubble size has hitherto not been attempted. This thesis presents an experimental investigation aimed at exploring AEs from gas bubble formation, motion and destruction. AE in this particular investigation covers the frequency range of between 100 kHz to 1000 kHz. The AE waveform analysis showed that the AE parameter from single bubble inception and burst events, i.e. AE amplitude, AE duration and AE energy, increased with the increase of bubble size and liquid viscosity. This finding significantly extends the potential use of AE technology for detecting the presence of bubbles in two-phase flow. It is concluded that bubble activity can be detected and monitored by AE technology both intrusively and non-intrusively. Furthermore, the bubble size can be determined by measurement of the AE and this forms the significant contribution of this thesis.
Supervisor: Mba, David ; Addali, Abdulmajid Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Acoustic Emission ; bubble dynamics ; two-phase flow