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Title: Robust & stochastic model predictive control
Author: Cheng, Qifeng
ISNI:       0000 0004 2725 4967
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2012
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In the thesis, two different model predictive control (MPC) strategies are investigated for linear systems with uncertainty in the presence of constraints: namely robust MPC and stochastic MPC. Firstly, a Youla Parameter is integrated into an efficient robust MPC algorithm. It is demonstrated that even in the constrained cases, the use of the Youla Parameter can desensitize the costs to the effect of uncertainty while not affecting the nominal performance, and hence it strengthens the robustness of the MPC strategy. Since the controller u = K x + c can offer many advantages and is used across the thesis, the work provides two solutions to the problem when the unconstrained nominal LQ-optimal feedback K cannot stabilise the whole class of system models. The work develops two stochastic tube approaches to account for probabilistic constraints. By using a semi closed-loop paradigm, the nominal and the error dynamics are analyzed separately, and this makes it possible to compute the tube scalings offline. First, ellipsoidal tubes are considered. The evolution for the tube scalings is simplified to be affine and using Markov Chain model, the probabilistic tube scalings can be calculated to tighten the constraints on the nominal. The online algorithm can be formulated into a quadratic programming (QP) problem and the MPC strategy is closed-loop stable. Following that, a direct way to compute the tube scalings is studied. It makes use of the information on the distribution of the uncertainty explicitly. The tubes do not take a particular shape but are defined implicitly by tightened constraints. This stochastic MPC strategy leads to a non-conservative performance in the sense that the probability of constraint violation can be as large as is allowed. It also ensures the recursive feasibility and closed-loop stability, and is extended to the output feedback case.
Supervisor: Kouvaritakis, Basil ; Cannon, Mark Sponsor: University of Oxford K.C. Wong Foundation Loaning Program
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Control engineering ; model predictive control ; stochastic uncertainty ; robust control ; probabilistic constraint ; recursive feasibility