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Title: The applications of artificial intelligence techniques in carcinogen chemistry
Author: Priest, Alexander
ISNI:       0000 0004 2725 3323
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2011
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Computer-based drug design is a vital area of pharmaceutical chemistry; Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationships (QSARs), determined computationally from experimental observations, are crucial in identifying candidate drugs by early screening, saving time on synthesis and in vivo testing. This thesis investigates the viability and the practicalities of using Mass Spectra-based pseudo-molecular descriptors, in comparison with other molecular descriptor systems, to predict the carcinogenicity, mutagenicity and the Cltransport inhibiting ability of a variety of molecules, and in the first case, of chemotherapeutic drugs particularly. It does so by identifying a number of QSARs which link the physical properties of chemicals with their concomitant activities in a reliable and mathematical manner. First, this thesis confirms that carcinogenicity and mutagenicity are indeed predictable using a variety of Artificial Intelligence techniques, both supervised and unsupervised, information germane to pharmaceutical research groups interested in the preliminary screening of candidate anti-cancer drugs. Secondly, it demonstrates that Mass Spectral intensities possess great descriptive fidelity and shows that reducing the burden of dimensionality is not only important, but imperative; selecting this smaller set of orthogonal descriptors is best achieved using Principal Component Analysis as opposed to the selection of a set of the most frequent fragments, or the use of every peak up to a number determined by the boundaries of supervised learning. Thirdly, it introduces a novel system of backpropagation and demonstrates that it is more efficient than its principal competitor at monitoring a series of connection weights when applied to this area of research, which requires complex relationships. Finally, it promulgates some preliminary conclusions about which AI techniques are applicable to certain problem-scenarios, how these techniques might be applied, and the likelihood that that application will result in the identification of series of reliable QSARs.
Supervisor: Cartwright, Hugh Sponsor: Schools Competition Act Settlement Trust ; St John's College
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Computational Chemistry ; neural networks ; support vector machines ; cancer