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Title: Screening for inhibitors of and novel proteins within the homologous recombination DNA repair pathway
Author: Kingham, Guy L.
ISNI:       0000 0004 2724 6983
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2012
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The homologous recombination (HR) pathway of DNA repair is essential for the faithful repair of double-stranded DNA breaks (DSBs) in all organisms and as such helps maintain genomic stability. Furthermore, HR is instrumental in the cellular response to exogenous DNA damaging agents such as those used in the clinic for chemo- and radiotherapy. HR in humans is a complex, incompletely understood process involving numerous stages and diverse biochemical activities. Advancing our knowledge of the HR pathway in humans aids the understanding of how chemo- and radiotherapies act and may be used to develop novel therapeutic strategies. Recent studies have identified inhibition of HR as one of the mechanisms via which a number of recently developed chemotherapeutics have their effect. Accordingly, the clinical potential of HR inhibitors is under investigation. My work has centred around the identification of both novel HR proteins and novel, small molecule HR inhibitors. To further these aims, I have successfully employed high-throughput RNAi and small molecule screening strategies. RNAi screens are commonly used to identify genes involved in a given cellular process via genetic loss of function, whilst small molecule, cell based screens are a powerful tool in the drug discovery process.
Supervisor: Helleday, Thomas Sponsor: Cancer Research UK
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Genetics (life sciences) ; Biology ; RNAi ; DNA damage ; High-throughput screening ; small-molecule