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Title: Random finite sets for multitarget tracking with applications
Author: Wood, Trevor M.
ISNI:       0000 0004 2724 1293
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2011
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Multitarget tracking is the process of jointly determining the number of targets present and their states from noisy sets of measurements. The difficulty of the multitarget tracking problem is that the number of targets present can change as targets appear and disappear while the sets of measurements may contain false alarms and measurements of true targets may be missed. The theory of random finite sets was proposed as a systematic, Bayesian approach to solving the multitarget tracking problem. The conceptual solution is given by Bayes filtering for the probability distribution of the set of target states, conditioned on the sets of measurements received, known as the multitarget Bayes filter. A first-moment approximation to this filter, the probability hypothesis density (PHD) filter, provides a more computationally practical, but theoretically sound, solution. The central thesis of this work is that the random finite set framework is theoretically sound, compatible with the Bayesian methodology and amenable to immediate implementation in a wide range of contexts. In advancing this thesis, new links between the PHD filter and existing Bayesian approaches for manoeuvre handling and incorporation of target amplitude information are presented. A new multitarget metric which permits incorporation of target confidence information is derived and new algorithms are developed which facilitate sequential Monte Carlo implementations of the PHD filter. Several applications of the PHD filter are presented, with a focus on applications for tracking in sonar data. Good results are presented for implementations on real active and passive sonar data. The PHD filter is also deployed in order to extract bacterial trajectories from microscopic visual data in order to aid ongoing work in understanding bacterial chemotaxis. A performance comparison between the PHD filter and conventional multitarget tracking methods using simulated data is also presented, showing favourable results for the PHD filter.
Supervisor: Moroz, Irene ; Allwright, David ; Bond, Philip ; Benton, Roger ; Davidson, Glen Sponsor: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Mathematics ; Probability theory and stochastic processes ; mathematics ; Bayesian statistics ; random finite set theory