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Title: The effect of bodybalance exercise on core stability and back pain
Author: Khan, Rabia S.
ISNI:       0000 0004 2723 5395
Awarding Body: University of Roehampton
Current Institution: University of Roehampton
Date of Award: 2008
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The overall objective of the three studies framed within this thesis was to investigate the effects of a BodyBalance workout on back pain participants from a predominantly physiological, but also a psychological and biomechanical perspective. The focus of the research was verifying claims made by the creators of BODYBALANCETM and assessing the effects of their exercise programme on back pain sufferers. The first study examined physiological and psychological changes in healthy adults (n = 34) following a 12-week BodyBalance training programme with participants divided equally between an exercise and a control group. Using an experimental repeated measures 2x2 factorial design, it investigated the interaction of BodyBalance for selected anthropometric, cardiorespiratory, strength, flexibility and psychological measures. The second study then utilised a cross-sectional design to compare differences more specifically for trunk endurance, balance and back pain disability between back pain (n = 26) and healthy participants (n = 26). The final study investigated the effect of BodyBalance in chronic low-back pain individuals (n = 14) following a 10-week programme, with an equal division of participants between the BodyBalance and control groups. It employed a mixed-method approach to assess balance, trunk endurance, flexibility and strength, alongside various psychological changes. This incorporated a 2x2 repeated measures quantitative design alongside qualitative interview data (n = 7) analysed through ‘interpretive phenomenological analysis’ (IPA). Findings from study 1 displayed no significant changes in the control group following the intervention programme. However, significant changes in the BodyBalance group were noted for strength, flexibility and anthropometry in the trunk region along with reduced state anxiety. Results from study 2 reinforced the concept that individuals with chronic low-back pain were more likely to have weaker abdominal and back extensor endurance. Finally, study 3 revealed a significant improvement in the BodyBalance group for static balance with eyes open, back pain disability and some of the trunk flexibility and endurance measures. In addition, IPA extracted second order themes of back pain experience, understanding pain, coping strategies, identity, motivation and achievement. Overall findings of this thesis provide some support for the use of BodyBalance as a tool for the prevention and treatment of low-back pain.
Supervisor: Head, Andrew ; Marlow, Caroline Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: body balance ; back pain ; biomechanics ; exercise programme