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Title: Methodological and anatomical modifiers of Achilles tendon moment arm estimates implications for biomechanical modelling : implications for biomechanical modelling
Author: Fath, Florian
ISNI:       0000 0004 2726 5260
Awarding Body: Brunel University
Current Institution: Brunel University
Date of Award: 2012
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Moment arms are important in many contexts. Various methods have been used to estimate moment arms. It has been shown that a moment arm changes as a function of joint angle and contraction state. However, besides the influence of these anatomical factors, results from recent studies suggest that the estimation of moment arm is also dependent on the methods employed. The overall goal of this thesis was to explore the interaction between the methodological and anatomical influences on moment arm and their effect on estimates of muscle-tendon forces during biomechanical modelling. The first experiment was a direct comparison between two different moment arm methods that have been previously used for the estimation of Achilles tendon moment arm. The results of this experiment revealed a significant difference in Achilles tendon moment arm length dependent on the moment arm method employed. However, besides the differences found, results from both methods were well correlated. Based on these results, methodological differences between these two methods were compared across different joint angles and contraction states in study two. Results of experiment two revealed that Achilles tendon moment arms obtained using both methods change in a similar way as a function of joint angle and contraction state. In the third experiment, results from the first two experiments were used to determine how methodological and anatomical influences on Achilles tendon moment arm would change muscle-tendon forces during the task of submaximal cycling. Results of the third experiment showed the importance of taking the method, ankle angle and contraction state dependence of Achilles tendon moment arm into account when using biomechanical modelling techniques. Together, these findings emphasis the importance of carefully considering methodological and anatomical modifiers when estimating Achilles tendon moment arm.
Supervisor: Korff, T.; Blazevich, A. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Motor development ; Inverse dynamics ; Tendon excursion method ; Centre of rotation