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Title: Characterisation of plasmonic crystals and integrated photonic devices with hyperspectral scanning near field optical microscopy
Author: Vilain, S.
ISNI:       0000 0004 2726 3767
Awarding Body: Queen's University Belfast
Current Institution: Queen's University Belfast
Date of Award: 2012
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Plasmonic nanostructures are an important class of nanophotonic components capable of localising light near a metal interface on subwavelength scales. Surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) are confmed to the metal interface and can only be studied in the past in the far-field by indirect investigation of the light resulting from their scattering. They can be studied directly using optical near-field microscopy which is capable of detecting the optical field in proximity to the surface, with sub-wavelength spatial resolution. We have developed a new tool for the investigation of surface plasmonic polaritons in a broad spectral range, the hyperspectral scanning near- field optical microscope, capable of simultaneously recording multiple near-field images in the 500-800nm spectral wavelength range. Using this microscope, the Bloch mode formation in plasmonic crystals, periodically structured metal films, have been studied along with the SPP excitation by the crystals. The role of the film thickness and crystal lattice has been studied in both the far-field and near-field. Novel plasmonic crystals with exotic lattices have been designed which provides additional advantages over the standard square lattice crystals in terms of band structure engineering and designing flat SPP bands, advantageous for applications in light extraction and unidirectional transmission. SNOM has then been used to demonstrate the new plasmonic platform based on VCSEL light source, showing direct SPP excitation on the laser surface and their efficient guiding. Multimode and single mode waveguides, Y -splitters and Mach-Zehnder interferometer configurations wen: realised. Plasmonic waveguide-ring resonators were studied incorporating non linear optical materials and optical switching has been demonstrated. The developed hyperspectral SNOM is a powerful technique for understanding the optical properties of plasmonic nanostructures and evaluating their nanophotonic capabilities. The studied plasmonic components, such as plasmonic crystals, integrated plasmonic waveguides and ring- resonator exhibit unique optical properties that pave the way for applications in photonic device optimisation and developing new concepts of signal guiding and manipulation.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available