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Title: Grain refinement and nucleation processes in aluminium alloys through liquid shearing
Author: Haghayeghi, Reza
ISNI:       0000 0004 2725 4318
Awarding Body: Brunel University
Current Institution: Brunel University
Date of Award: 2009
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The industrial practice of grain refinement of aluminium alloys involves the addition of inoculant particles to initiate alpha-aluminium grains at small undercoolings. This results in a uniformly fine, equiaxed as-cast microstructure and is commonly achieved using Al-Ti-B additions. The phase responsible for initiation of grains in aluminium melts inoculated with Al-Ti-B was determined during the 1990s; since that time, scientific understanding of grain refinement has advanced rapidly. However, one of the main problems of addition inoculants is impurities which is added to the melt and may affect the desired characteristics of the product. With regards to this problem other methods of refinement and the mechanisms of refining have not been fully understood and prediction of as-cast Microstructures in aluminium alloys has much scope for improvement. In this thesis: 1-Factors in establishing equiaxed microstructure were analysed and the origin of equiaxed grains were explored. Then the nucleation process and the involved mechanisms were investigated in depth and control of nucleation process to achieve a fine and uniform structure was set as target. 2-Refinement of microstructure with introduction of shearing was evaluated and the process of refinement in the mushy zone (semisolid state) as a base line was established. Then introduction of shearing above liquidus as a development was analysed and outstanding refinement was seen with shearing above liquidus which have not been investigated properly elsewhere. 3- The mechanisms of refinement by introducing shearing were investigated and the refining mechanisms below and specifically above liquidus were investigated systematically. As results an appropriate understanding about the mechanisms of nucleation and refinement above liquidus was established. 4- Finally, with simulation the most dominant factor in approaching fine grain size by applying shear was identified and the results of experimental examination was verified by simulation.
Supervisor: Bahai, H. Sponsor: UK Department of Trade and Industry (DTI)
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Grain refinement ; Nucleation ; Liquid shearing ; 7075 ; 5754 ; Al-10% Mg alloys ; Grain size