Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Development of a constitutive model to simulate unbonded flexible riser pipe elements
Author: Bahtui, Ali
ISNI:       0000 0004 2725 3219
Awarding Body: Brunel University
Current Institution: Brunel University
Date of Award: 2008
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
The principal objective of this investigation is to develop a constitutive model to simulate the hysteresis behaviour of unbonded flexible risers. A new constitutive model for flexible risers is proposed and a procedure for the identification of the related input parameters is developed using a multi-scale approach. The constitutive model is formulated in the framework of an Euler-Bernoulli beam model, with the addition of suitable pressure terms to the generalised stresses to account for the internal and external pressures, and therefore can be efficiently used for large-scale analyses. The developed non-linear relationship between generalised stresses and strains in the beam is based on the analogy between frictional slipping between different layers of a flexible riser and frictional slipping between micro-planes of a continuum medium in nonassociative elasto-plasticity. Hence, a linear elastic relationship is used for the initial response in which no-slip occurs; an onset-slip function is introduced to define the ‘noslip’ domain, i.e. the set of generalised stresses for which no slip occurs; a nonassociative rule with linear kinematic hardening is used to model the full-slip phase. The results of several numerical simulations for a riser of small-length, obtained with a very detailed (small-scale) non-linear finite-element model, are used to identify the parameters of the constitutive law, bridging in this way the small scale of the detailed finite-element simulations with the large scale of the beam model. The effectiveness of the proposed method is validated by the satisfactory agreement between the results of various detailed finite-element simulations for a short riser, subject to internal and external uniform pressures and cyclic bending and tensile loadings, with those given by the proposed constitutive law. The merit of the present constitutive law lies in the capturing of many important aspects of risers structural response, including the energy dissipation due to frictional slip between layers and the hysteretic response. This privilege allows one to accurately study the cyclic behavior of unbonded flexible risers subject to axial tension, bending moment, internal and external pressures.
Supervisor: Bahai, H. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Finite Element Simulations ; Cyclic Loading ; Stick-slip Interaction ; Non-associative Plasticity ; Parameter Identification