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Title: Natural language descriptions for video streams
Author: Khan, Muhammad Usman Ghani
ISNI:       0000 0004 2724 5710
Awarding Body: University of Sheffield
Current Institution: University of Sheffield
Date of Award: 2012
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This thesis is concerned with the automatic generation of natural language descriptions that can be used for video indexing, retrieval and summarization applications. It is a step ahead of keyword based tagging as it captures relations between keywords associated with videos, thus clarifying the context between them. Initially, we prepare hand annotations consisting of descriptions for video segments crafted from a TREC Video dataset. Analysis of this data presents insights into humans interests on video contents. For machine generated descriptions, conventional image processing techniques are applied to extract high level features (HLFs) from individual video frames. Natural language description is then produced based on these HLFs. Although feature extraction processes are erroneous at various levels, approaches are explored to put them together for producing coherent descriptions. For scalability purpose, application of framework to several different video genres is also discussed. For complete video sequences, a scheme to generate coherent and compact descriptions for video streams is presented which makes use of spatial and temporal relations between HLFs and individual frames respectively. Calculating overlap between machine generated and human annotated descriptions concludes that machine generated descriptions capture context information and are in accordance with human's watching capabilities. Further, a task based evaluation shows improvement in video identification task as compared to keywords alone. Finally, application of generated natural language descriptions, for video scene classification is discussed.
Supervisor: Gotoh, Yoshihiko Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available