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Title: Reconstruction and applications of QED final state radiation photons in Z->mumu decays produced in 7 TeV proton-proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider
Author: Xu, Da
ISNI:       0000 0004 2723 6195
Awarding Body: University of Sheffield
Current Institution: University of Sheffield
Date of Award: 2012
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This thesis presents a method for including the final state radiation (FSR) photon in the reconstruction of Z bosons decaying into pairs of muons (Z ->mumu). An algorithm for the reconstruction of FSR photons has been developed. The FSR photon candidates with ET >1.3 GeV are reconstructed within dR < 0.15 cone about the axis defined by the muon momentum direction at the interaction point, using the liquid argon calorimeter of ATLAS and a special clustering efficient at low energies. Based on an integrated luminosity of 164 pb-ˆ'1 , the cross section of the Z->mumu events with at least one FSR photon within fiducial region (ET>1.3 GeV and dR <0.15) is measured: 0.073±0.001(stat)±0.006(sys)±0.002(lum) nb. This is consistent with the expectation from a NNLO QCD calculation including QED FSR. Photons within the fiducial region are reconstructed with a 70% average efficiency which increases to 85% for ET > 4 GeV. Inclusion of these photons in the dimuon invariant mass calculation was shown to lead to improved Z-boson invariant mass resolution and scale: a Gaussian fit shows that the peak of the distribution moves from 89 GeV to 91.31±0.06 GeV with a standard deviation of 2.5±0.07 GeV. A 20% of all inclusive Z->mumu events are corrected in the tail of the invariant mass (M<80 GeV). Moreover, based on a test with simulated Higgs->ZZ()-> 4mu samples, more than 20% of the events are expected to find a reconstructed FSR photon around. The improvement of the Higgs invariant mass resolution and scale by adding the reconstructed FSR photons is presented.
Supervisor: Paganis, Efstathios Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available