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Title: Preparation and evaluation of novel phosphoramidites for labeling DNA and RNA
Author: Cooke, L. A.
ISNI:       0000 0004 2721 6733
Awarding Body: Queen's University Belfast
Current Institution: Queen's University Belfast
Date of Award: 2012
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Phosphoramidite derivatives of a nucleoside analogue bearing photoswitchable ortho-, meta- and para azobenzene moieties were prepared and used to incorporate the azobenzene groups into DNA.8mers. The photochemical E-Z isomerisation of the azobenzene-appended 8mers was investigated by UV/vis spectroscopy and RP-HPLC. In order to investigate the stabilities of the irradiated-8mers towards thermal Z - E isomerisation, Arrhenius and Eyring parameters for the photoisomerisation were determined. The meta-isomer was found to be the most thermally stable. An initial investigation into the stability of duplexes containing a para-azobenzene-modified 8mer was carried out using melting studies. The duplex-forming activity of the oligonucleotide was modulated by the E- Z photoisomerisation of the para-azobenzene residue. A divergent methodology for the preparation of a novel structural class of photoswitchable oligonucleotide has been described. A novel anthracene methyl phosphoramidite derivative suitable for the preparation of end- labelled oligonucleotides under solid-phase directed-Arbusov conditions was prepared and its reactivity investigated. A comparison of the utility of this anthracene methyl phosphorarnidite with a related benzyl phosphorarnidite in a model reaction with the 5'-hydroxyl of support-bound decathymidylate was made. Directed Michaelis-Arbusov reactions of the putative phosphite triester intermediates with primary and secondary amines in the presence of 0.01 M iodine gave the corresponding phosphoramidate diesters in high yields. This reactivity was also demonstrated using commercially available phosphoramidites for the preparation of inter-nucleotide phosphoramidates bearing terminal primary amines. Derivatisation of these primary amine-functionalised oligomers was accomplished in solution-phase following treatment with the meta-azobenzene NHS ester.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available