Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: The industrial development of transparent conducting coatings by a Sol-Gel route
Author: Gunner, Alec Gordon
ISNI:       0000 0004 2718 6968
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2010
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
Transparent conducting coatings are used in a wide range of applications, particularly displays and photovoltaic devices, and demand is anticipated to increase with the rise of plastic electronics. Indium tin oxide, deposited by sputter coating, is widely used. Concerns over the cost and long term availability of indium, together with environmental concerns over production, are driving a search for more efficient deposition methods and alternative materials. This work represented the early stage development of industrially applicable coatings, hence the work was performed with a supply chain partnership to facilitate commercial uptake. Sol-gel technology was used to facilitate direct printing of patterned layers. Precursors were selected and a processing route developed. Values for glass transition and crystallization temperature were found to be considerably lower than the accepted bulk value. Dip-coated parts yielded indium tin oxide coatings with transparency of 98% and resistivity of 1.5x10\( -\)\( 2\)\(\Omega\)cm fired in nitrogen and 98% transparency, 3.0x10\( -\)\( 2\)\(\Omega\)cm resistivity fired in air. A printed coating was produced with 93% transparency and 7.0\(\Omega\)cm resistivity. It was established that the limitations to conductivity arose from low film thickness and lack of macro-scale connectivity within the layer. Initial work was also conducted in preparing tin oxide and silicon-doped zinc oxide coatings.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: EPSRC
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Eng.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy