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Title: Studies of a novel renormalization group technique for strongly correlated many body systems
Author: Edwards, Khan
ISNI:       0000 0004 2724 2413
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2012
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The unusual low temperature behaviour of metals and metal alloys, such as heavy fermion systems, Mott insulators and unconventional superconductors, has been a central topic of scientific investigation for over half a century. Due to strong correlations between the many particles, the solution to most theoretical models of these systems is difficult because standard perturbation methods break down. In certain cases, non-perturbative renormalization group approaches can be used to access the low energy behaviour and take into account the effects of strong correlations. However, these methods do not work for several important and interesting classes of model. These include lattice models with finite dimension, models with impurities of high degeneracy and steady state transport through quantum dots. The aim of this thesis is therefore to develop a new and general renormalization group approach that will lend itself to wide application in models where existing techniques fail. The method explored here utilises renormalized perturbation theory (RPT) in conjunction with scaling equations and collective excitations. It is tested on the single impurity Anderson model, the paradigmatic model used to understand magnetic impurities within a non-magnetic host metal. The Anderson model is simple yet exhibits interesting features due to strong correlation, such as a single renormalized low energy scale called the Kondo temperature. This model is also well understood as it has been solved using the numerical renormalization group (NRG), which provides ample numerical data against which this new technique is compared. Finally, a preliminary study is given for this method when it is applied to a wider class of models.
Supervisor: Hewson, Alex Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral