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Title: Current research evidence on compassion : is it relevant to shame and honour cultures?
Author: Pask, Faizia
ISNI:       0000 0004 2720 6180
Awarding Body: Oxford University
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2011
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The constructs of compassion and self-compassion are an emerging area of interest in psychological research. A greater understanding of their relationship to psychological functioning, and the impact that cultural values may have on these, would help further develop research in this area. The first paper is a systematic review of the research literature on self-compassion and its relationship to psychological functioni~g. Firstly, the review presents a narrative synthesis of research that has examined the relationship between self- compassion, psychological distress and well-being. Secondly the review presents preliminary research examining Compassion Focused Therapy (CFT) approaches to relieving psychological distress in clinical populations. Overall the research evidence suggests that there is a role for self-compassion in relieving psychological distress and improving well-being. It also indicates that CFT interventions may alleviate a variety of mental health problems. The second paper is a qualitative exploration of the experience and meaning of compassion and self-compassion for Muslim Asian women. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with seven participants, data was analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. Results suggest that the participant's cultural values and gender roles influenced their experience of compassion and self- compassion. In particular, the participants' accounts highlight that issues relating to shame and honour values are pertinent to their lived experiences of compassion/self-compassion. The findings identify the ambivalence that the participants felt towards self-compassion, highlighting both the potential difficulties and benefits of developing self-compassion within this population.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available