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Title: Design and performance study of algorithms for consensus in sparse, mobile ad-hoc networks
Author: Alekeish, Khaled
ISNI:       0000 0004 2719 6883
Awarding Body: Newcastle University
Current Institution: University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Date of Award: 2011
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Mobile Ad-hoc Networks (MANETs) are self-organizing wireless networks that consist of mobile wireless devices (nodes). These networks operate without the aid of any form of supporting infrastructure, and thus need the participating nodes to co-operate by forwarding each other’s messages. MANETs can be deployed when urgent temporary communications are required or when installing network infrastructure is considered too costly or too slow, for example in environments such as battlefields, crisis management or space exploration. Consensus is central to several applications including collaborative ones which a MANET can facilitate for mobile users. This thesis solves the consensus problem in a sparse MANET in which a node can at times have no other node in its wireless range and useful end-to-end connectivity between nodes can just be a temporary feature that emerges at arbitrary intervals of time for any given node pair. Efficient one-to-many dissemination, essential for consensus, now becomes a challenge: enough number of destinations cannot deliver a multicast unless nodes retain the multicast message for exercising opportunistic forwarding. Seeking to keep storage and bandwidth costs low, we propose two protocols. An eventually relinquishing (}RC) protocol that does not store messages for long is used for attempting at consensus, and an eventually quiescent (}QC) one that stops forwarding messages after a while is used for concluding consensus. Use of }RC protocol poses additional challenges for consensus, when the fraction, f n, of nodes that can crash is: 1 4 f n < 1 2 . Consensus latency and packet overhead are measured through simulation indicating that they are not too high to be feasible in MANETs. They both decrease considerably even for a modest increase in network density.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Damascus University
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available