Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Validation of the far-infrared foreign-broadened water vapour continuum from airborne field campaign measurements
Author: Beeby, Ralph
ISNI:       0000 0004 2719 0027
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2012
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
This thesis describes spectrally-resolved radiance measurements, recorded using the Imperial College-built Tropospheric Airborne Fourier Transform Spectrometer (TAFTS), to validate the current parameterisation of the far-infrared foreign- broadened continuum of atmospheric water vapour in line-by-line radiative transfer models. The current parameterisation is not based on measurement through the centre of the far-IR spectral region, but is constructed by interpolation from measurements either side of the band. Accurate knowledge of this parameterisation is essential as the far-IR contribution to the planetary outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) is significant. The research takes the form of a radiative closure study, comparing the radiance measurements with simulated radiances modelled using the measured atmospheric state (temperature, humidity) profile as input. The profile information was recorded, alongside the radiance measurements, aboard the UK Met Office / FAAM (Facility for Airborne Atmospheric Measurements) BAe-146 research aircraft, during the first of two field campaigns as part of the CAVIAR (Continuum Absorption in the Visible and Infrared and its Atmospheric Relevance) project. This thesis provides an overview of the relevant atmospheric physics and Fourier Transform Spectroscopy, including a description of TAFTS; the construction of the atmospheric profiles from the various in-situ, radiosonde and model datasets; the calibration of the radiances measured by TAFTS and derivation of the foreign- broadened water vapour continuum between 114−540 cm−1 within the framework of the line-by-line radiative transfer model (LBLRTM v12.0). The resulting continuum is compared to other relevant recent studies. The measurements from this study suggest an increase in continuum strength up to 11% at 238.6 cm−1, decreasing steadily to a reduction of 55% at 114 cm−1 and 54% at 513 cm−1. However, the uncertainties in these measurements are considerable, and might equally suggest an increase in continuum strength.
Supervisor: Pickering, Juliet Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral