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Title: Sex, statistics and soldiers : new approaches to the demography of Roman Egypt, 28 B.C. - 259 A.D
Author: Pudsey, April Jayne.
ISNI:       0000 0004 2722 5429
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2007
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Explorations into the demography of historical populations must explain, as well as describe, the ways in which people in the past related to their environments both biologically and socially. Mortality, fertility and migration all affect the growth and stability of populations past and present, and it is important to relate these three factors to economic, social and cultural traits particular to populations in order to approach an understanding and an explanation of the dynamics of those populations. The theory of demographic transition argues that mortality is the crucial factor in determining reproductive performance, and that fertility then responds to the survival rates of progeny. This theory describes how changes in mortality levels with the introduction of modernisation and industrialisation in western Europe relate to fertility, but does not explain how particular populations' ecological, economic, social and cultural specifics determine, and are determined by, mortality, fertility or migration patterns. This thesis investigates the relationships between socio-economic and cultural aspects of the population of Roman Egypt, and its demographic dynamics. It does this in three parts, corresponding to the study of mortality, fertility and migration, and the co-dependence of these three key areas of demographic history. The thesis begins by setting out the theoretical problems with the application of the theory of demographic transition to ancient populations, and the confidence placed in the use of its associated model life tables for ancient populations. It demonstrates the deficiencies of this theory and these models in terms of their ability to explain ecological and epidemiological causes of death which are specific to region, age and sex; the use of a new set of model life tables which better reflect the mortality schedule of Roman Egypt is proposed and tested. Having established the usefulness of this new set of model life tables, the thesis goes on to explore the impact of mortality on fertility, given specific culturally, socially and economically defined determinants of fertility in this population. A computer code calculating a function of fertility based on maternity and marriage data from Roman Egypt and the application of the new model life tables to these data, demonstrates a pattern of fertility that deviates from the characteristics described by the demographic transition theory. A database of information on families and households in Roman Egypt supports this new schedule of fertility and offers a new approach to the study of the demography of households and individuals in Roman Egypt. The [mal part of the thesis tests the implications of the suggested new demographic profile against the recorded military population of Roman Egypt, demonstrating the value of these new model life tables and new approaches to the study of the demography of Roman Egypt.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available