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Title: Socioeconomic factors influencing the level of depression symptoms : a cultural comparison in two countries
Author: Ibrahim, Ahmed Mohamed Khair Shabib
ISNI:       0000 0004 2722 5285
Awarding Body: University of Nottingham
Current Institution: University of Nottingham
Date of Award: 2011
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There has been recent concern that the pressures associated with university life may put students at higher risk of depression compared to the normal population. Socioeconomic factors such as poverty and low social class have been shown to increase the risk of depression. It has been suggested that low social class may increase the risk of depression. A representative survey of Egyptian students found that more than two-thirds scored above the cut-off for mild depression but the reliability of this scale has not been established. The current study aims to explore the impact of socio-demographic factors on prevalence of depressive symptoms in an Egyptian student sample and a UK student sample and to examine the hypothesis that sense of control mediates the relationship between social deprivation and depression students. It was found that in the Egyptian study; thirty-seven percent of the students had symptoms scores which placed them above the threshold for moderate depression symptoms. In the fully adjusted model; faculty of study, father's occupation, family income and number of persons per room were associated with depression in this sample. In the UK sample, twenty percent of the sample had moderate to severe depression symptoms. Rates of depression increase as students get older. Low affluent students with low sense of control were more likely to report depression. In conclusion, Egyptian students were found to be more likely to report depressive symptoms compared with UK students. SES factors were the major determinants of depressive symptoms in both samples, while their effect was more evident in the Egyptian cohort. Additionally, Egyptian students tend to report more somatic symptoms than the British. It was also found that low perceived control mediated the SES-depression relationship in the UK sample. We suggested that confidential screening for mental health problems should be considered by the Universities.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available