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Title: The activation of carbon oxides by low valent group IV and thorium complexes
Author: Button, Zoe Emily
ISNI:       0000 0004 2723 0682
Awarding Body: University of Sussex
Current Institution: University of Sussex
Date of Award: 2012
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Following discoveries in our laboratory that mixed-ring uranium(III) complexes reductively couple CO to produce new C-C bonds and transform this small molecule into potentially useful small organic things, further research has taken place into the synthesis, characterisation and reactivity of the zirconium, hafnium and thorium analogues. The first part of this thesis describes the preparation of the novel zirconium(IV) and hafnium(IV) mixed-sandwich chloride complexes using sterically demanding cyclopentadienyl and cyclooctatetraenyl ligands, and their subsequent reduction into the desired low valent M(III) compounds. The second part considers the reaction between carbon oxides and three different zirconium(III) complexes in which differently substituted cyclopentadienyl ligands are employed. Reaction with CO generated two novel complexes that displayed C-C bond formation, with the products influenced by the sterics of the systems. Reaction with CO2 produced products resulting from reduction and/or reductive disproportionation of CO2, which were independent of the steric bulk of the cyclopentadienyl ligand. The third and final part of the thesis considers the synthesis of two novel mixed-ring thorium(IV) halide species, before a description of their in situ reduction in the presence of CO2 to yield products different to those previously described in this work. The reactivity illustrated here demonstrates a new approach to the reductive coupling of CO via characterised zirconium(III) complexes and provides insight into the reactivity of a transient thorium(III) sandwich complex.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QD0146 Inorganic chemistry