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Title: The internationalisation of undergraduate curricula in England and Japan : the complexity and diversity of meaning
Author: Takagi, Hiroyuki
ISNI:       0000 0004 2721 4578
Awarding Body: Institute of Education, University of London
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2012
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The interpretation and implementation of ideas about the internationalisation of curriculum (IoC) are not straightforward, as the ideas are complicated and multi-faceted and allow curriculum developers to have contradictory images and views. The complex and diverse understandings of 10C reflect concepts of the two terms 'internationalisation' and 'curriculum', which contain the contrasting perspectives that include the competition-type and cooperation-type of approaches to internationalisation and the product and process curriculum models. These two types or models tend to go hand in hand with a synergetic effect, while they are in a state of tension. The aim of this research is to promote the detailed and nuanced understanding of IoC through examining its meaning at the undergraduate level, from the viewpoint of the institution-wide initiatives, with a particular focus on the complexity and diversity of the underlying ideas. Cross-national case studies were conducted. Four universities were chosen, including a pre-1992 university and a post-1992 university in England, and a national university and a private university in Japan. Data was collected by document analysis, staff interviews and observations of the campuses. The case studies confirmed and developed two initial assumptions: 1) the meaning of IoC is complex as it is created through a complicated interplay between the competition-type and the cooperation-type of approaches to internationalisation and between the product model and the process model of curriculum; and 2) the meaning of IoC is diverse as it reflects various combinations of the types and models, including at least four patterns: Competitive-Product, Competitive-Process, Cooperative-Product and Cooperative-Process, depending on its contexts. This research contributes to the conceptual framework for IoC. Such a framework is considered as a foundation for future research and development in the practice of IoC beyond England and Japan.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available