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Title: Angled curtain coating : an experimental study : an experimental investigation into the effect of die angle on air entrainment velocity in curtain coating under a range of operating conditions
Author: Elgadafi, Mansour Masoud
ISNI:       0000 0004 2719 2479
Awarding Body: University of Bradford
Current Institution: University of Bradford
Date of Award: 2010
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In all coating applications, a liquid film displaces air in contact with a dry solid substrate. At a low substrate speed a thin uniform wetting line is formed on the substrates surface, but at a high speed the wetting line becomes segmented and unsteady as air becomes entrained between the substrate and the liquid. These air bubbles affect the quality of the coated product and any means to postpone this at higher speeds without changing the specifications of the coating liquid is desirable. This research assesses the validity of a theoretically based concept developed by Blake and Rushack [1] and exploited by Cohu and Benkreira [2] for dip coating. The concept suggests that angling the wetting line by an angle ß would increase the speed at which air is entrained by a factor 1/cos ß. In practice, if achieved this is a significant increase that would result in more economical operation. This concept was tested in a fast coating operation that of curtain coating which is already enhanced by what is known as hydrodynamic assistance [2]. Here we are effectively checking an additional assistance to wetting. The work, performed on a purposed built curtain coater and a rotating die, with a range of fluids showed the concept to hold but provided the data are processed in a way that separate the effect of curtain impingement from the slanting of the wetting line.
Supervisor: Benkreira, Hadj. ; Patel, Rajnikant. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Air entrainment ; Die angle ; Curtain coating ; Hydrodynamic assist ; Dynamic wetting ; Liquid films