Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: New applications of imidazotetrazinone prodrugs : synthesis and mechanistic investigation of novel imidazotetrazinones as prodrugs of aziridines and as traceless carriers for drug delivery to the central nervous system
Author: Garelnabi, Elrashied Ali Elobaid
ISNI:       0000 0004 2719 1097
Awarding Body: University of Bradford
Current Institution: University of Bradford
Date of Award: 2010
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
New imidazotetrazinones have been synthesised that possess features in their structures to release aziridinium ions upon ring opening. Unstable 2-aminoethylisocyanates were required in this preparation, which were synthesized with BOC-protection of the amino group to counteract the reactivity of the amine towards the isocyanate group in the case of aliphatic amines; in contrast, anilinoethylisocyanates were synthesized unprotected. Substituents with a range of electron-withdrawing and electron-releasing properties were introduced at the p-position of the aniline ring. A 13C-labelled study confirmed the release of the aziridinium ion by these imidazotetrazinones in neutral pH buffer solution. Furthermore the kinetics of the hydrolysis in neutral aqueous solution of some these new tetrazines were similar to temozolomide, in addition to useful acid stability. Other imidazotetrazinones were synthesised for the purpose of releasing alcohols and phenols. Their synthesis was performed with a one-carbon linker between the imidazotetrazinone 3-position and the alcohols or phenols to be released. The release of alcohol and phenol through the hydrolysis of the intermediate diazonium ions to the unstable hemiacetals that decomposed to the alcohol and phenol was confirmed by 1H NMR. The kinetics of the hydrolysis of these tetrazines in neutral aqueous solution showed a faster reaction rate compared with temozolomide (t1/2 = 0.53 and 0.36 h compared with temozolomide 1.4 h).
Supervisor: Wheelhouse, Richard T. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Imidazotetrazinone prodrugs ; Synthesis ; Aziridinium ions ; Aziridines ; Drug delivery