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Title: MIMO application for the quadrifilar helix antenna
Author: Mansor, Mohd Fais Bin
ISNI:       0000 0004 2721 4287
Awarding Body: University of Surrey
Current Institution: University of Surrey
Date of Award: 2012
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Capacity increase of the current land mobile satellite (LMS) communication systems is highly desirable to cater for more data-centric applications such as broadcasting. Since the Multiple-input Multiple-output (MIMO) offers high spectral efficiency without additional bandwidth and transmit power, its implementation in the LMS system has been widely investigated in terms of channel characterisation, channel modelling and coding algorithms. However, the aspect of receive antenna design and its performance evaluation has not yet been considered even though it has enormous impacts on the system performance. This thesis presents a study on designing a novel dual circularly polarised receive antenna system for the LMS MIMO system that utilises the printed quadrifilar helix antenna (PQHA) and also the required performance evaluation methods. The PQHA was miniaturised using two new methods, which are the element folding and combination of element folding and meandering where more than 50% size reduction can be achieved. These miniaturised PQHAs were combined to create a variety of dual circularly polarised arrays such as the dual circularly polarised single folded PQHA (SFPQHA) horizontal array and folded meandered PQHA (FMPQHA) vertical array. For evaluating the branch power ratio of these arrays, a newly derived formulation of the mean effective gain (MEG) in a Ricean fading channel that incorporates the polarisation of the line-of-sight (LoS) component and the corresponding antenna gain has been proposed. Further evaluation of these arrays as the receive antenna in this system was carried out using measurement campaigns. Results show that both arrays provide substantial capacity increase when compared to a single link system in both LoS and NLoS channels. A more comprehensive study on the effect of antenna properties was conducted using a newly, developed channel model that integrates the array characteristics with the propagation channel. This modelling approach allows for a performance comparison between the designed SFPQHA array and other antennas to be easily implemented, which is very useful in the process of designing MIMO antennas.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available