Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.553573
Title: The global developmental state : the triple non-alliance of state bureaucrats, domestic capital and foreign capital in Korean economic development
Author: Alshamsi, Abdul Kareem Mohammad
ISNI:       0000 0004 2720 5276
Awarding Body: Northumbria University
Current Institution: Northumbria University
Date of Award: 2011
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Abstract:
The current study deals with Korean (south) economic development. The country represents a clear case of success, in its economic growth as well as its democratic transformation. Both have been remarkable. The objective of the current research is to address the following question: how was it possible for Korea to develop while it was dependent? To tackle this question, the research began by grounding Korea‟s experience in proper methodological as well as theoretical frameworks. The research followed the critical naturalist methodology to approach its objective. At the theoretical level, Korea‟s (south) economic performance has represented a real challenge to the existing theoretical literature that deals with development issues. Modernisation theory focuses on market mechanisms and dismisses any significant role for the state (politics), whereas the dependency school discredits market mechanisms and calls for state involvement in these. Obviously Korea‟s economic growth involved a mixture of state and market. The question is thus: what is the theoretical framework that accounts for Korea‟s experience? As such the research examined the impasse propositions for both dependency and modernisation and highlighted their limitations. It concluded that the dependent development version of dependency is a proper framework to host development research. After arrival at this conclusion, the next question is: what is the corresponding model of such a theory? As theorised by Cardoso and Faletto, the dependency model is based on two main pillars. First is the historical-structural analysis and second is the triple interaction of state, domestic capital and foreign capital. It was revealed that the triple alliance was responsible for Brazilian partial growth success. For Korea, the question is: what is the form of triple interaction that corresponds to the Korean situation? The research hypothetised the triple non-alliance as a proposed model to account for Korea‟s economic growth pattern. The study conducted an historical-structural analysis to confirm such a hypothesis. The analysis confirmed that the triple non-alliance is the corresponding model to Korea‟s economic growth. The task was then to relate Korea‟s economic performance to the existence of the TNA. The ascendance of globalisation exposed the triple non-alliance to a serious test. Globalisation pressures prompted the state to adopt aggressive adaptation measures. These policies altered the balanced TNA interaction and produced the economic crisis of the late 1990s. At the same time, it was shown that the rebounding of the economic growth process was strongly associated with state ability to restore the TNA. The adaptation process produced a new form of global developmental state (GD). The GD state is based on democratic institutions to preserve the TNA and not on security apparatus. Its mission is to supervise and sustain the growth process already in place in an era of globalised world. This function is demonstrated in the emergence of the southern multinational corporations (SMNTCs). The research thus confirms that the triple non-alliance dependency model is the underlying cause of the successful Korean economic growth pattern. Other major contributions to the current research could be summarised as follows: First, the study revived the dependence theory as a viable paradigm for dealing with development issues. Second, the concept of the triple non-alliance (TNA) is the other major contribution of the research. The third, and probably most relevant contribution, is the invention of the concept of the global developmental state (GD). The new GD state is the descendent of the now defunct developmental state.
Supervisor: Smith, Matthew Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.553573  DOI: Not available
Keywords: L200 Politics
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