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Title: Design of oxidation-sensitive polymer micelles for inflammation targeting
Author: Hu, Ping
ISNI:       0000 0004 2719 3738
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2012
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The research presented in this thesis focuses on the molecular design of an oxidation-sensitive nanocarrier and its enzyme conjugate with a view of their application in the field of biomaterials. I have polarised our attention on a specific class of polymers, the polysulfides, for their environmental responsiveness (towards oxidising substances, a condition often associated with inflammatory reactions), interesting physico-chemical properties, ease of the preparation and multiple possibilities for further modifications and bioconjugations, which are perfectly suitable for the development as systems for drug delivery applications. In this work we firstly have focused on the synthesis of amphiphilic poly(propylene sulfide)-poly(ethylene glycol) (PPS-PEG) block copolymers by employing vinyl sulfone as the functional group to link the blocks and modify the end of the PEG. This study was followed by an investigation of the macromolecular interchange and payload exchange of the formed polymeric micelles to understand the 'co-formulation' events, employing fluorophores (dansyl groups) and quenchers (dabsyl groups) either as terminal groups in macroamphiphiles or as encapsulated hydrophobic payloads. In another part of the work, I have developed a micellar system with which simultaneously to two of the most important ROS: superoxide and hydrogen peroxide, for inflammation-responsive drug release. The system is composed of superoxide dismutase (SOD) conjugated to oxidation-sensitive amphiphilic polysulfide/PEG block copolymers; the conjugate combines the SOD reactivity towards superoxide with that of hydrophobic thioethers towards hydrogen peroxide. Specifically, here we have demonstrated how this hybrid system can efficiently convert superoxide into hydrogen peroxide, which is then 'mopped-up' by the polysulfides. This mode of operation is functionally analogous to the SOD/catalase combination, with the advantage of being based on a single and more stable system.
Supervisor: Tirelli, Nicola Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Block copolymer micelles ; Polysulfides ; Vinyl sulfone ; FRET ; Superoxide dismutase ; PEGylation ; Catalase