Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Investigation of island geometry variations in bit patterned media storage systems
Author: Shi, Yuanjing
ISNI:       0000 0004 2718 5201
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2011
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
Bit-Patterned Media (BPM) has been recognised as one of the candidate technologies to achieve an areal density beyond 1Tb/in2 by fabricating single-domain islands out of continuous magnetic media. Though much attention has been focused on the fabrication of BPM, existing lithography techniques demonstrate difficulties in producing uniform islands over large areas cost effectively; the resulting fabricated islands often vary in position and size. The primary purpose of the research documented in this thesis is to investigate the issue of island geometry variations on the data recovery process from a perpendicular patterned media with head and media configurations optimised to achieve an areal density of 1Tb/in2. In order to achieve the research aim, a read channel model has been implemented as a platform to evaluate the read channel performance numerically. It can be also altered to investigate new read channel designs. The simulated results demonstrate that island geometry variations have a detrimental effect on read channel performance. It has shown that a BPM system can be tolerant to island position variations, but more effort needs to be paid to the effect that island size variations have on the read channel performance. A new read channel design revolving around the design of a modified trellis has been proposed for use in the Viterbi detector in order to combat the effect of island geometry variations. The modified trellis for island position variations results in extra states and branches compared to the standard trellis, while the modified trellis for island size variations results in only extra branches. The novel read channel designs demonstrate an improved read channel performance in the presence of island geometry variations even with increasing amounts of island position and size variations. There are two ways to obtain the read channel performance in terms of the bit-error-rate (BER): a) by running a numerical Monte-Carlo simulation to count the number of bits in error at the output of the read channel model and b) using an analytical approach to calculate the BER by approximating the noise into a known distribution. It is shown that both ways demonstrate very similar results, which indicates as long as the distribution of the noise present in read channel model is predictable, the analytical approach can evaluate the BER performance more efficiently, especially when the BER is low. However, the Monte-Carlo simulation is still useful for understanding of the correlation of the errors. Novel trellis proposed in this work will contribute to the commercial development of BPM in two ways: a) to improve the data recovery process in BPM systems, b) to allow a tolerance of 10% size variations for the existing fabrication techniques.
Supervisor: Nutter, Paul Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Bit-Patterned Media ; Magnetic Recording ; Read Channel ; Partial-Response Maximum-Likelihood ; Viterbi Detector