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Title: An investigation on roles of OX40 and CD30 in B cell differentiation
Author: Perks, Kerry Louise
ISNI:       0000 0004 0134 8842
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2012
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TNF receptor/ligand superfamily members signal through pathways giving rise to proteins that regulate lymphocyte proliferation, activation, differentiation and survival. Absence of TNF ligands OX40L and CD30L impairs survival of GC T cells and affinity maturation of antibody responses. Direct effects of these molecules on B cells in antibody responses are not characterised. I dissected roles of OX40 and CD30 for B cells using T-independent type II (TI-II) antigen NP-Ficoll. Humoral immunity is impaired in OX40 deficiency. Defects in class switched and non-class switched antibody production are due to reduced development of antigen-specific switched and non-switched plasma cells. CD30 has an opposing role, deficiency results in similar or higher switched and non-switched antibody titres and higher numbers of antigen-specific plasma cells that develop rapidly. This may explain why in OX40/CD30 double deficiency, there is a less pronounced defect than in OX40 single deficiency. B cell intrinsic roles are revealed for OX40 and CD30 that suggest OX40 on B cells is critical for TI-II plasmablast differentiation or survival and B cell CD30 inhibits onset of plasmablast differentiation.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QH426 Genetics ; QR Microbiology ; QR180 Immunology