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Title: The changing dynamics of customary land tenure system in Community-Based Rural Land Development Project in Malawi
Author: Chanza-Chonde, Charity
ISNI:       0000 0004 2717 4588
Awarding Body: University of Reading
Current Institution: University of Reading
Date of Award: 2011
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This study was carried out to investigate the influence of the new national land policy on the customary tenure system and assess changes in the socio-cultural and economic conditions of matrilineal social system in the Community Based Rural Land Development Project (CBRLDP) in southern Malawi. Specifically it assessed what the new Malawi's land policy stipulates and what is actually practised on the ground regarding inheritance and intra-household resource allocation; identified whether land ownership security influenced household head's incentives to undertake long- term investment on land in support of livelihoods; and assessed changes in the socio-economic situation of beneficiary groups after resettlement and how they were affected by the changes. Mixed methods approach was employed in which both qualitative and quantative data were collected through focus group discussions and a household survey. A checklist and semi-structured interviews were used in focus groups and household survey respectively to collect data. Interviews in focus groups were digitally recorded and transcribed into Word files. Content analysis was employed to analyse qualitative data. Logit regression analysis was used to determine factors that influenced household head's incentive to invest in long-term agricultural enterprise. The study found that in the transitional period (the period between land acquisition and when the land will be transferred to the first generation of daughters) perceptions determine land rights in favour of men. This is because the acquired land is treated as a personal property. However, after the land is passed on to the first generation of female heirs, the acquired land will feed into matrilineal wealth and hence matrilineal rules of inheritance will take over. The study also revealed that land ownership security after resettlement influenced men in this matrilineal social system to invest on land, and that the availability of income from other economic activities enabled them to do so. Women, on the other hand, were not affected by land ownership security because of labour and financial constraints. The study found that when a network of kin from which resettlers receive support is not available, re settlers adapt by seeking help from the next close social grouping that they can identify with. However, this leads to modification ~f traditions. Lastly, the study identified that even though maize production improved after resettlement, lack of alternative income earning activities in the new home led to the overselling of maize to generate income, thereby reducing household food security.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available