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Title: The de Haas van Alphen effect near a quantum critical end point in Sr₃Ru₂O₇
Author: Mercure, Jean-Francois
ISNI:       0000 0004 2717 6559
Awarding Body: University of St Andrews
Current Institution: University of St Andrews
Date of Award: 2008
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Highly correlated electron materials are systems in which many new states of matter can emerge. A particular situation which favours the formation of exotic phases of the electron liquid in complex materials is that where a quantum critical point (QCP) is present in the phase diagram. Neighbouring regions in parameter space reveal unusual physical properties, described as non-Fermi liquid behaviour. One of the important problems in quantum criticality is to find out how the Fermi surface (FS) of a material evolves near a QCP. The traditional method for studying the FS of materials is the de Haas van Alphen effect (dHvA). A quantum critical end point (QCEP) has been reported in the highly correlated metal Sr₃Ru₂O₇, which is tuned using a magnetic field high enough to perform the dHvA experiment. It moreover features a new emergent phase in the vicinity of the QCEP, a nematic type of electron ordering. The subject of this thesis is the study of the FS of Sr₃Ru₂O₇ using the dHvA effect. Three aspects were explored. The first was the determination of the FS at fields both above and below that where the QCEP arises. The second was the search for quantum oscillations inside the nematic phase. The third was a reinvestigation of the behaviour of the quasiparticle effective masses near the FS. In collaboration with angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy experimentalists, a complete robust model for the FS of Sr₃Ru₂O₇ at zero fields was determined. Moreover, the new measurements of the quasiparticle masses revealed that no mass enhancements exist anywhere around the QCEP, in contradiction with previous specific heat data and measurements of the A coefficient of the power law of the resistivity. Finally, we report dHvA oscillations inside the nematic phase, and the temperature dependence of their amplitude suggests strongly that the carriers consist of Landau quasiparticles.
Supervisor: Mackenzie, Andrew P. Sponsor: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council ; Overseas Research Students Awards Scheme
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Sr3Ru2O7 ; De Haas van Alphen ; Quantum critical end point ; Ruthenates ; QC176.8F4M4 ; Fermi surfaces