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Title: Approximating node-weighted Steiner subgraphs for multicast communication in wireless networks
Author: Shahnaz, Ambreen
ISNI:       0000 0004 2715 5360
Awarding Body: University of Leicester
Current Institution: University of Leicester
Date of Award: 2012
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We are motivated by the problem of computing multicast routing structures in wireless ad-hoc networks modelled by special classes of graphs including unit disk graphs, quasi-unit disk graphs and (λ + 1)-claw-free graphs. Multicast communication can be established by a tree known as Steiner tree. Wireless ad-hoc networks must operate using limited resources, therefore, the suitability of nodes for inclusion in a Steiner tree can vary widely between different nodes. We model this by assuming that each node of the network is assigned a weight that represents the cost of including it in the Steiner tree. Our goal is to compute a Steiner tree with minimum total node weight. However, in scenarios where nodes and links are not reliable, a tree has the drawback that it can be disconnected by the failure of even a single link or node in the network. Therefore, we also consider various fault-tolerant routing structures called 2-edge-connected Steiner subgraphs, k-edge-connected Steiner subgraphs, 2-vertex-connected Steiner subgraphs, and 2-edge-connected group Steiner subgraphs. The problems we consider are NP-hard, so we are interested in algorithms that compute provably good approximate solutions in polynomial time. We present a generalization of Steiner subgraph problems referred to as the node-weighted δ-Steiner subgraph problem, where δ represents connectivity requirements. We present an algorithm with approximation ratio 0.5dρ for the node-weighted δ-Steiner subgraph problem, where d is the bounded maximum degree of the solution subgraph, and ρ is the approximation ratio of the edge-weighted version of the δ-Steiner subgraph problem. We then shown how to construct solution subgraphs of bounded maximum degree d in several graph classes for our problem variants. As a result, we obtain algorithms for the problems we consider, on graph classes that admit subgraphs of small degree, whose approximation ratios are better than the best known ratios for the same problems on general graphs.
Supervisor: Erlebach, Thomas Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available