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Title: Film-induced tourism : motivation, authenticity and displacement
Author: Bolan, Peter
ISNI:       0000 0004 2720 2542
Awarding Body: University of Ulster
Current Institution: Ulster University
Date of Award: 2010
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Films or movies provide us with a window into other places that broaden our knowledge and can fuel our desire to travel. What has become known as film-induced tourism has begun to gather momentum as an area of both academic research and industry interest. However, the phenomenon is wide-ranging and according to Beeton (2005), still a largely untapped and little-understood field of tourism research. Much of the literature to date has focused on the promotional aspects and the impacts of the phenomenon with little research into the motivations of the film-induced tourists themselves. Further, films are not always shot in the place where they are portraying on screen. This has become a common occurrence and it is not unusual for a film to be made in a completely different country from that it portrays. This form of displacement creates issues of authenticity and implications as to where the tourist influenced by such a film will choose to visit. This aspect in film tourism has been mentioned briefly by authors such as Beeton (2005), Hudson and Ritchie (2006) and Shandley et al. (2006) but they have not conducted investigations themselves and to date there have been no in-depth research studies into this aspect of the phenomenon. The overall aim of this thesis was to investigate what the author has termed displacement theory within the larger phenomenon of film-induced tourism and to present a clearer understanding of the inherent implications and opportunities for economic development this may bring. Within this the author sought to examine film influence on tourist motivation, tourist views on displacement and authenticity as well as industry opinion on these matters. An interpretivistic research approach was taken utilizing the power of the internet and harnessing the use of specially created blogs to collect qualitative data. The approach was designed to extract data in depth with a select set of bloggers rather than at a superficial level across a wider number of respondents through quantitative survey work. This was then followed up by semi-structured interviews with respective tourism and film organizations throughout the UK and Ireland. Findings reveal that these issues do matter to tourists and that there are three distinct markets in existence which comprise three distinct tourist types in relation to film- induced tourism. This has enabled the author to develop a model of displacement (the first such model in this field of study) which conveys the motivational factors at play on the tourist and what is happening when displacement in film tourism occurs in relation to the three distinct markets. This is then utilized to make key recommendations as to how industry can maximize future potential from film-induced tourism, especially when displacement occurs. The thesis has covered new ground in its contribution to knowledge through addressing a gap in the film-induced tourism literature and providing new theories culminating in a newly developed model to represent what is occurring. Further contribution has been made through the use of innovative methodologies. In this case the use of specially designed blogs to gather qualitative data for the research.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available