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Title: The emergence of Iranian nationalism (1906-1953) : an international historical sociological account
Author: Özdemir, Zelal
ISNI:       0000 0004 2718 9413
Awarding Body: London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London)
Current Institution: London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London)
Date of Award: 2011
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Beginning with the late 19th century Iran underwent a great deal of transformation. Central to this transformation was the change from a decentralized monarchy to the modem nation state and the development of an official Iranian nationalism under Reza Shah. This thesis examines this period of transformation from 1906-53, including the Constitutional Revolution, the reign of Reza Shah and the years of oil nationalization under the National Front. This thesis endeavours to explore the political constitution of the nature of Pahlavi nationalism which was based on PanAryanism and tries to understand why and how it took the shape it had and its intrinsic relation with the international. Pahlavi nationalism has its roots in the previous era of Constitutional Revolution (1906-1911), foreign invasion and various rebellions. After locating these events in international history, the thesis analyses Reza Shah's coming to power (1921) in great detail and contextualizes his nationalist reforms (most notably in the domains of army and education, a thorough cultural modernization) in Iranian history from a global perspective. Through international influences and interventions during the Second World War, Reza Shah's abdication (1941) led to a period of relative freedom, out of which a new anti-imperialist nationalist movement emerged and rose to power (1951}. Lastly, the thesis examines the international context ofthe coup d'etat (1953) that overthrew this nationalist movement. Employing a historical sociology approach in International Relations (HS in IR) to this transformation of Iranian politics via nationalist movements and reforms, the thesis aims to ach a new dialogue between HS in IR and modernist school of nationalism. The thesis has three objectives. Firstly, a special focus on international-domestic interaction as it is the totality of politics that gave rise to nationalist movements and nation state institutions; secondly, the necessity of historicisation of single cases as without proper contextualization and historicisation it is all too easy to fall into the trap of ideology of nationalism. And lastly on the need to work with a multi-causal account of events as nationalisms are too complex to originate only from one realm or one issue of politics. Ultimately this thesis aims to contribute to the discipline of International Relations and to the studies of nationalism by attempting to show the merits of an interdisciplinary approach through the case oflranian nationalism.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available