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Title: Gender and power in the primary teaching workplace in Taiwan
Author: Li, Hsiao-Jung
ISNI:       0000 0004 2718 4401
Awarding Body: University of Bristol
Current Institution: University of Bristol
Date of Award: 2011
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The aim of this thesis is to explore how the gendered division of teaching work is shaped, so as to theorise these dynamics of gender and power: male domination and female subordination within the primary teaching workplace. Drawing on empirical data from the ethnographic research in a primary school in Taiwan, men's dominance in higher posts as well as the preference for men in the teaching of PE and computing courses has been observed, despite the fact that female teachers are a majority. By contrast, women and feminine attributes are devalued in the administrative hierarchy. The evidence supports that the teachers, regardless of their gender, value caring and its critical role in their classroom practices. More importantly, the influence of personal attributes, the emphasis on professionalism, and the humanist approach have been identified as providing various accounts of caring. Disciplinary roles, role models, the teaching of older children and difficult classes and leadership roles are considered to be men's work. I argue that male association with authority and power is generated through gendered task segregation. Furthermore, male domination in power is a consequence of the endorsement of women. The differentiation of power is thus embedded in interpersonal interactions as part of this teacher workplace culture. The findings further indicate the complexities of gendered power: female teachers' reliance on men and their masculinity, which revealed not only that women suffer more negative experiences from the principal's leadership but also their lack of confidence in the power struggle. In addition to involving male domination and female subordination, power relations in my research may also indicate the importance of male allies and their sharing of power in the workplace.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available