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Title: Rate distortion control in digital video coding
Author: Zhang, Haoxiang
ISNI:       0000 0004 2717 5388
Awarding Body: University of Bath
Current Institution: University of Bath
Date of Award: 2007
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Lossy compression is widely applied for coding visual information in applications such as entertainment in order to achieve a high compression ratio. In this case, the video quality worsens as the compression ratio increases. Rate control tries to use the bit budget properly so the visual distortion is minimized. Rate control for H.264, the state-of-the-art hybrid video coder, is investigated. Based on the Rate-Distortion (R-D) slope analysis, an operational rate distortion optimization scheme for H.264 using Lagrangian multiplier method is proposed. The scheme tries to find the best path of quantization parameter (OP) options at each macroblock. The proposed scheme provides a smoother rate control that is able to cover a wider range of bit rates and for many sequences it outperforms the H.264 (JM92 version) rate control scheme in the sense of PSNR. The Bath University Matching Pursuit (BUMP) project develops a new matching pursuit (MP) technique as an alternative to transform video coders. By combining MP with precision limited quantization (PLO) and multi-pass embedded residual group encoder (MERGE), a very efficient coder is built that is able to produce an embedded bit stream, which is highly desirable for rate control. The problem of optimal bit allocation with a BUMP based video coder is investigated. An ad hoc scheme of simply limiting the maximum atom number shows an obvious performance improvement, which indicates a potential of efficiency improvement. An in depth study on the bit Rate-Atom character has been carried out and a rate estimation model has been proposed. The model gives a theoretical description of how the oit number changes. An adaptive rate estimation algorithm has been proposed. Experiments show that the algorithm provides extremely high estimation accuracy. The proposed R-D source model is then applied to bit allocation in the BUMP based video coder. An R-D slope unifying scheme was applied to optimize the performance of the coder'. It adopts the R-D model and fits well within the BUMP coder. The optimization can be performed in a straightforward way. Experiments show that the proposed method greatly improved performance of BUMP video coder, and outperforms H.264 in low and medium bit rates by up to 2 dB.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available