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Title: Dust in stationary and flowing plasmas
Author: Willis, Christopher Thomas Nigel
ISNI:       0000 0004 2715 7614
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2011
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This thesis contains work of a computational and theoretical nature. The floating potential of dust grains immersed in plasma is investigated via particle-in-cell simulation for a range of parameters. In particular, work is focused on the charging of grains large with respect to the electron Debye length. Numerical fits are given for the floating potential of large grains in stationary and flowing plasma. A modified version of the well known orbit-motion-limited (OML) theory is developed for large dust grains. The modified OML theory is shown to be in good agreement with simulation. This modified theory is then adapted for use with flowing plasmas. In the case of flowing plasma, for low ion temperatures and flow speeds upwards of Mach 1, interesting and unexpected effects are seen in the potential and density distribution around dust grains, these are investigated and discussed. Finally, the application of this work is outlined with particular focus on dust grains in a tokamak plasma environment.
Supervisor: Coppins, Michael Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral