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Title: Arsenate adsorption on mineral surface in the absence and presence of oil
Author: Wainipee, Wimolporn
ISNI:       0000 0004 2715 0885
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2012
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Oil spills are a hazard during exploration activities in aqueous environments. The spilled oil can coat sediments and changes the adsorption capacities of the minerals. To constrain this process, arsenate (AsV) adsorption on natural and oil-coated mineral surface was investigated using batch experiments. Arsenate was chosen because of its high concentration in oil and its high toxicity to marine organisms. Adsorption isotherms, kinetics, and mechanisms were assessed. Solutions with low and high pH and ionic strengths (I) were used to mimic relevant environmental conditions and goethite, illite, montmorillonite, kaolinite, and chlorite were chosen as they are typically found in sediments. Isotherms show that AsV adsorption on natural and oil-coated clay minerals follows the Langmuir model. Thermodynamic equilibrium is reached between 2 and 24 h and is delayed on oil-coated minerals. The adsorption capacity is reduced on oil-coated minerals because of surface area reduction except for montmorillonite where the surface area is increased due to dispersion of the mineral in water. Adsorption increases at lower pH on both natural and oil-coated minerals because the affinity of the negatively charged AsV oxyanion is higher for positively charged surfaces. At the same pH, maximum adsorption capacity is slightly higher at higher I. Spectroscopic investigations suggest that AsV adsorption occurs via an inner-sphere complex on the mineral surface. For clay minerals, AsV adsorption on basal surface via Na+ bridging is also important. Oil coating changes the adsorption enthalpy and entropy suggesting important effects of the oil on bonding structures and complexes. Simple compensation plots show that the adsorption of AsV on oil-coated minerals is entropy-controlled. In conclusion, oil coating not only reduces the adsorption capacity of minerals but also affects bonding structures and energies. These effects must to be taken into account in oil exploration and future risk assessment.
Supervisor: Sephton, Mark ; Weiss, Dominik Sponsor: Ministry of Science and Technology, Royal Thai Government
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral