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Title: Trade liberalization vs. domestic regulation of services : the future of maritime transport
Author: Owie, Ese Stephen
ISNI:       0000 0004 2719 1687
Awarding Body: Oxford University
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2010
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This thesis focuses on the tension between WTO liberalization rules in the services sector and the domestic regulation of maritime transport - a sector that is dependent on excessive government subsidies - and the impact of such tension on the future of maritime transport. Multilateral negotiations on the use of subsidies in the services sector have attracted little or no attention in comparison with other services related issues. This ordinarily should not be a problem except for that fact the existence or otherwise of subsidy disciplines will have profound consequences on the effectiveness and reach of market access commitments made in the ongoing Doha Round. Then again, subsidy disciplines would also affect the ability of WTO Members (especially developing countries that lack the power to subsidize) to utilize subsidies in achieving national policy objectives. While the tension between national regulation and the multilateral trading system in the goods sector has been subject of extensive analysis, the interface of trade liberalization and national regulation in the services sector has been less analyzed. Ironically, the services sector is arguably of similar and probably . greater significance in international trade. In analyzing the future of maritime transport under the liberalization framework of the WTO, the thesis uses the protectionist concept of maritime cabotage as its analytical framework. This facilitates a more profound understanding of the tension between domestic regulation and multilateral liberalization of maritime services and also highlights the role of subsidies - which are essential in maritime cabotage trade - in exacerbating this tension. In developing international law jurisprudence on this score, the thesis delicately interconnects protectionism in maritime transport, domestic regulation and multilateral liberalization of services within the GATS.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available