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Title: Architecture and philanthropy : building hospitals in eighteenth-century York
Author: Akehurst, Ann-Marie
ISNI:       0000 0004 2718 8453
Awarding Body: University of York
Current Institution: University of York
Date of Award: 2008
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This thesis considers the founding of four charitable projects, all designated 'Hospitals': Wandesford Hospital (1739-41), an almshouse for twelve genteel ladies; The York County Hospital (1738-1745), the first voluntary hospital north of the river Trent; York Lunatic Asylum (1772-1777), and The Retreat (1792- 1812), an independent Quaker hospital for the mentally ill. This work locates the four charities for the first time in their national, regional and local, social, economic, political and ideological contexts. It traces the way in which they contributed to the construction a new civic identity for York as a modern urban environment, where luxury consumption was tempered by prudent benevolence. The thesis traces the establishment of these foundations, revealing the changes in funding of philanthropic projects from individual benefactor to public subscription. In examining the creation of new social spaces the thesis recovers changes in the reception of classical architectural style and in moral attitudes towards philanthropic building. The research explores the interaction between politics, religion and charity in the development of the four hospitals, and reveals how their interrelationships could express political tensions reflective of wider forces acting on society. Political corruption, the threat of rebellion, accusations of tainted money and moral expediency in the period are all revealed through a close reading of this suite of projects and as such the thesis offers a hew perspective not only on the relationship between architecture and philanthropy, but also on the urban development of eighteenth-century York.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available