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Title: Essays on economics of terrorism and armed conflict
Author: Lis, Piotr
ISNI:       0000 0003 7383 2265
Awarding Body: Royal Holloway, University of London
Current Institution: Royal Holloway, University of London
Date of Award: 2012
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This thesis comprises of three essays intended to enhance our understanding of socio-economic implications of terrorism and armed conflict. Chapter 1 applies time series methods to establish whether income-based transference of international terrorism took place in reaction to the selected historical events. The analysis shows that the rise of fundamentalist terrorism in 1979 brought increases across all countries, while the post-Cold War era reduced incidents in all but the poorest countries. The September 11 attacks had no long lasting impact on the distribution of terrorism, while the Iraq war seemed to have reduced terrorism in rich states. Chapter 2 investigates the fatality sensitivity of public opinion in coalition countries that participate in war efforts but are not a leading force. The analysis is based on the opinion polls from the United Kingdom, Poland and Australia. The study recognizes the dynamic nature of the analyzed relationship and employs the error correction model. Overall, the data does not provide a clear evidence of sensitivity to soldier casualties. However, the public appears sensitive to the intensity of terrorism in Iraq. The results also show that news of success has a power to reduce war opposition, while scandals are costly in terms of public support. Chapter 3 explores the impact of armed conflict and terrorism on allocation of foreign aid. The study employs two-way panel data estimation on a dataset that includes observations for 161 recipient countries over the period from 1973 to 2007. The results show that armed conflict has a strongly negative effect on both bilateral and multilateral assistance, while the impact of terrorism is somewhat mixed. Namely, international terrorism tends to increase bilateral aid, while domestic terrorism reduces multilateral aid.
Supervisor: Spagat, Michael Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available