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Title: The authorship and date of the Pastoral Epistles
Author: Gilchrist, James Michael
ISNI:       0000 0004 2714 7790
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 1966
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Chapter 1 consists of an introduction, and a statement on procedure. Chapter 2 is a discussion of statistical tests for authorship. The arguments of P. N. Harrison are discussed in detail, mainly in an attempt to discover why, although his methods were unsound, he was able to produce the impression of an immensely strong cumulative case against Pauline authorship of the Pastorals. The work of A. Q. Morton is discussed, with the conclusion on general grounds and by citing results computed during work for this thesis, that Morton's tests do not help us to assess the authorship of the Pastorals. In chapter 3 is discussed the external attestation of the Pastorals. Harrison's attempt to show that the epistle of Polycarp is not a unity is considered, with the conclusion that his case is inadequate, and that we may assume a terminus ante quem for the Pastorals of around A. D. 95. The case is put forward that Marcion objected to the Pastorals on the grounds of their content, not because he held the Pastorals to be spurious. The fourth chapter deals with the internal evidence as to the date of the Pastorals. It is suggested that the Pastor's interest in church order and orthodoxy represents not the ecclesiasticism of an age later than Paul's, but the Pastor's overriding interest in correct moral behaviour among church leaders, and that in-turn reflects and is only, a part of his concern for-morality-among all sections of the church. The, links of the heresies opposed in the Pastorals with known" heresies are , considered, with the conclusion that no one known-heresy is opposed. However, detailed parallels are- drawn with the situation at Ephesus as shown in the last chapter of Romans-and-the Acts speech to the Ephesian elders, to show that the: best parallels come from Paul's known lifetime. Jamblichus Chaldensis is ' considered as a parallel to the mystical beliefs of the time, and the conclusion drawn" that the Pastorals reflect not one particular heresy but religious, thought forms and beliefs widespread in the middle of. the first century. The Pastor's use'of 3 Std"coK. A'«, Tr1a7i5 and`I eAj 0E tK is discussed, and, the' conclusion drawn that-he is not referring-to a `developed body of doctrine, but to "Christian profession in `general. Chapters 5 and 6 deal with-the possibility of 'placing the Pastorals inside or outside the known lifetime of Paul.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available